The snow capped mountain in the distance is Soularac. (Solar Rock in
The YouTube video can be viewed below.
Whole websites and books have been made to debunk any significance to Landscape
Compare this view with the right hand side of Poussin's painting.
Compare the right hand side of the painting with the real landscape.
Smith insists that the tomb is not significant and yet a tomb of identical
proportions and colour to the one painted by Poussin is overlooked by Rennes le
The Tomb is placed 250metres west of
the Paris Meridian.
It is important to realise that the measurement of the Metre by
and covered up for almost 200years.
Let us look again at Poussin's Tomb in Les Bergere d'Arcadie in more detail
The Red (red garments and red-haired) shepherd points at the line on the tomb not at the phrase
He looks around at the Shepherdess - His Mother
His name is
The Blue (kneeling) shepherd with the beard points at the phrase
'I too am in Arcadia'
This is Hercules, he was in Arcadia when he hunted the
Boar during the twelve labours.
It was in Woods at Erymantus that
Arcas (the red shepherd) met his mother who had been transformed into a Bear.
This will become significant later.
Notice the shadow made on the tomb by the Blue (kneeling) Shepherd.
It's a bow.
(Greek - Heracles) is given a sword by Hermes and a
Apollo being the Greek Sun God
and we know that Poussin carried a copy of
Ovid's Metamorphosis with him at
Apollo's silver bow and arrow represent Heracles' defeat of the serpent
Python (or Phython)
Note that the word Pythagoras consists of the Greek word Python and Agora
Agora meaning 'place of'.
Place of the serpent
Now look at the star depiction of the Constellation of Hercules.
His foot on the Draco's head
|Like a toiling man,
revolves in a form
Nor to what toil he is attached:
simply, Kneeler they call him
Labouring on his
knees, like one
Who sinks it seems
And his right foot
planted on the twisting Serpent's head.
Manilius - Phenomena
The ground under Poussin's painting of the tomb has a snake like opening.
The right foot of Hercules in Poussin's painting is on the
Earth Serpent's head.
Note when we are speaking of mythology Dragon, Serpent mean the same thing.
Wyvern, Woivres are also dragons or
serpents, Woëvre being the Celtic name for Dragon.
Saint Dagobert II was murdered in the Foret des
Woivres during the winter Solstice in 679CE
The "Labouring One"
by Manilius refers to the twelve Labours of Hercules which he
performed whilst in Arcadia, hence the reason he points at the phrase
I too am in Arcadia
In the Labours of Hercules his
he looks for the APPLES of the Hesperides.
seeks the Apples of the Hesperides
3rd century mosaic showing Hercules stealing the Apples of the Hesperides.
Constellations Associated with the Myth. Directly above Libra
is the constellation Ursa Minor. Ursa Minor was considered a
constellation only after the 6th century BC, at which point
it was thought of as a small bear.
The name means originating
from Hesperos (evening). Hesperos,
or Vesper in
Latin, is the origin of the name Hesperus,
the evening star (i.e. the planet Venus)
as well as having a shared root with the English word "west".
Nymphs of the Evening
The Hesperides number three, like the other Greek
- The Three Graces.
"Since the Hesperides themselves are mere symbols of the gifts the
apples embody, they cannot be actors in a human drama. Their
abstract, interchangeable names are a symptom of their
impersonality," Evelyn Harrison has observed. Nevertheless, among
the names given to them, though never all at once, are Aegle
("dazzling light"), Arethusa, Erytheia (or Erytheis) and Hesperia
(alternatively Hespereia, Hespere, Hespera, Hesperusa or
Hesperethoosa). Lipara, Asterope and Chrysothemis are named in a
Hesperide scene of the apotheosis of Heracles (romanised to
Hercules) on a late fifth-century hydria by the Meidias Painter in
They are sometimes called the Western Maidens, the Daughters
of Evening or Erythrai, and the
Sunset Goddesses", designations
all apparently tied to their imagined location in the distant west.
Hesperis is appropriately the personification of the evening
is of the dawn) and the Evening Star is Hesperus. In addition to
their tending of the garden, they were said to have taken great
pleasure in singing.
They are sometimes portrayed as the evening daughters of Night (Nyx)
either alone, or with Darkness (Erebus),
in accord with the way Eos in the farthermost east, in
Colchis, is the daughter of the titan
Hyperion. Or they are listed as the daughters of
Atlas, or of
Erytheia ("the red one") is one of the Hesperides. The
name was applied to an island close to the coast of southern
Hispania, which was the site of the original Punic colony of Gades
(modern Cadiz). Pliny's Natural History (4.36) records of the island
of Gades: "On the side which looks towards Spain, at about 100 paces
distance, is another long island, three miles wide, on which the
original city of Gades stood. By Ephorus and Philistides it is
called Erythia, by Timæus and Silenus Aphrodisias, and by the
natives the Isle of Juno." The island was the seat of Geryon, who
was overcome by Heracles.
So if the Blue shepherd is the constellation of Hercules
Who is the Red (haired) shepherd?
Well he's looking around at the Shepherdess.
As mentioned earlier Arcas met his mother in the Erymanthus Woods
Arcas became King of Arcadia.
Here is the extract from Ovid's Metamorphosis.
Bk II:496-507 Arcas and Callisto become
And now Arcas grandson of
Lycaon had reached his fifteenth year ignorant
of parentage. While he was hunting wild
animals, while he was finding suitable glades and
penning up the Erymanthian groves with woven
nets, he came across his mother, who stood still
at sight of Arcas and appeared to know him. He
shrank back from those unmoving eyes gazing at
him so fixedly, uncertain what made him afraid,
and when shequickly came nearer he was about to
pierce her chest with his lethal spear.
All-powerful Jupiter restrained him and in the
same moment removed them and the possibility of
that wrong, and together, caught up through the
void on the winds, he set them in the heavens
and made them similar constellations, the Great
and Little Bear
As mentioned at the top of this page The Tomb is 1.36
miles (1 mile 618yards) from the Chateau at ARQUES
Here is the sign as
you enter the town of Arques
Here is the road sign of
Arques with the Cathar name underneath.
Here the Red (haired)
Shepherd we now know is Arcas
and here in Poussin's painting he looks around at his Mother
Remember that in Ovid's
Metamorphosis Callisto is turned into a bear by Jupiter
Arcas is the star Arcturus the name
derives from Αρκτουρος (Arktouros) and means
"Guardian of the Bear", ultimately from αρκτος (arktos),
"bear" + ουρος (ouros), "watcher, guardian"
Arcas is the Bear Watcher, he looks around at his mother
who is called in the sky Ursa Major the Great (female)
See how her arm rests on the shoulder of her son in
a similar manner to the stars. Arcturus is a
Red Giant Star
and achieved fame when its light was used to open the
1933 Chicago World's Fair. Arcturus was used by
Pierre Méchain in his measurements for the Metre.
Arcturus is in the
same interstellar cloud as our own Solar system, this
interstellar cloud is the remnants of a Supernova that
exploded as recently as 3million years ago in the
vicinity of our sun. Arcturus is notable for its high
proper motion, larger than any first magnitude star
in the stellar neighborhood other than α Centauri. It is
moving rapidly (122 km/s)
relative to the solar system, and is now almost at its
closest point to the Sun. Which means it has moved
(relative to other stars) 860 million million miles
(about 9 million AU) since Poussin's time. Arcturus is
thought to be an old disk star, and appears to be moving
with a group of 52 other such stars, known as the
In Poussin's day Arcturus was
probably closer to the Little
Bear than to Böötes.
ARCAS the Red Haired shepherd (B
means sheep herder)
Notice he has his foot on a Mound
This is Mons Menalus (on the right the star
Mons Menalus is a mountain in Arcadia
in modern Greece.
- Ian Ridpath
The mountain took its name from a character in Greek
mythology. Maenalus was said by some mythologists to
have been the eldest son of Lycaon, king of Arcadia;
this would have made Maenalus brother of Callisto
and hence uncle of her son Arcas, whom the
constellation Boötes represents. Others, though, say
he was actually the son of Arcas and hence the
grandson of Callisto. Either way, Maenalus gave his
name to the mountain in Arcadia and to the city of
Maenalon which he founded. Its modern name is
"Mons Maenalus was sacred to the god
Pan who frequented it.
Ovid in his Metamorphoses said that Mons
Maenalus bristled with the lairs of wild beasts and
was a favourite hunting ground of Diana and her
Callisto. In saying this, Ovid clearly
rejects the story that Maenalus was Callisto’s
grandson, as the mountain would not yet have got its
Poussin carried a copy of Ovid's
Metamorphosis around on his person 24/7.
The Tomb at Les Pontils
Here is the tomb at Les Pontils before it was destroyed
by the land owner.
You can see the step that Arcas
has his left foot on in the painting.
placed 250 metres from the Paris Meridian and 1 mile
618yards from the Chateau of Arques.
The Meridian is marked by the Couiza to Arques road.
|Paris Meridian Marker
put in place in 2000
|Old and new Paris
Meridian Markers on the side of the Couiza/Arques road
In the Poussin
painting above the Meridian line pointed to by ARCAS,
the Red Shepherd, is a
bright piece of sky behind the mountain of the Sun
This is Solar Temple Montségur
A note about the painting technique of Nicolas
Poussin is known to meticulously go over his
paintings with his thumb to remove brush strokes
top (sky) portion of Les Bergere d'Arcadie has brush
strokes meaning that the top portion of the painting is
likely to have been tampered with.
Was this to later
disguise the fact that Poussin had painted the Solar
Temple at Montségur in his painting?
a place of heresy in Poussin's time.
But Poussin painted earlier
painting featuring a tomb and the Arcadia theme.
In a previous version in
the Arcadia theme (now at Chatsworth House close to
we have two shepherds and a shepherdess at a tomb
bearing the phrase:
ET IN ARCADIA EGO
the Parchment code said Poussin and
Once again one bearded shepherd
points at the phrase on the tomb. Significantly the
Shepherdess (left) is lifting her skirt and showing her
From Robert Bauval's website concerning the Thigh in the
Callisto (Ursa Major) deliberately showing her thigh in
As we know the figures in the painting are representing star
Left to right we have the
You will notice that the shepherdess is deliberately
showing her thigh, that is because Poussin is representing her as Ursa Major.
'Thigh in the sky' is in fact the constellation of Ursa Major"
- Robert Bauval
ARCAS the Bear Watcher' he
looks around at his mother who was turned into a bear by
Zeus and flung into the sky.
(pointing at the phrase
I am in Arcadia, (remember that Hercules was in Arcadia during the Twelve
The New Age
A Man pouring a pitcher of water.
7 Then came the day of unleavened bread,
when the Passover must be killed.
8 And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and
prepare us the Passover, that we may eat.
9 And they said unto him, Where wilt thou
that we prepare?
he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city,
shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the
house where he entereth in.
11 And ye shall say unto the goodman of the
house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I
shall eat the Passover with my disciples?
12 And he shall shew you a large upper room
furnished: there make ready.
13 And they went, and found as he had said
unto them: and they made ready the Passover.
14 And when the hour was come, he sat down,
and the twelve apostles with him.
15 And he said unto them, With desire I have
desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer:
16 For I say unto you, I will not any more
eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.